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FACT0RN: A Revolution in Proof of Work

In the ever-evolving landscape of blockchain technology, innovation is the key to progress. Enter FACT0RN, a groundbreaking blockchain protocol that challenges the traditional Proof of Work (PoW) model by replacing hashing with integer factorization. This ambitious project, born as a fork from Bitcoin v22.0, aims to revolutionize the way we approach consensus mechanisms while adhering to the core principles of decentralization and security.

The Genesis of FACT0RN

From its inception, FACT0RN has charted a course distinct from its predecessors. Unlike many blockchain projects that resort to pre-sales or allocations, FACT0RN remains true to the ethos of decentralization by offering no pre-distribution of its native coin, FACT. The only means of acquiring FACT is through mining, ensuring a fair and equitable distribution from the outset.

Integer Factorization: A Paradigm Shift

At the heart of FACT0RN lies its utilization of integer factorization as the basis for its Proof of Work consensus. While Bitcoin relies on hashing algorithms to secure its network, FACT0RN harnesses the computational power of factoring large integers—a pursuit of significant interest to both academic and private sectors. By leveraging the intrinsic complexity of factorization, FACT0RN not only ensures network security but also fosters advancements in mathematics, cryptography, and beyond.

The Significance of Integer Factorization

Integer factorization, though seemingly mundane, holds profound implications for security and cryptography. By decomposing large integers into their prime factors, factorization forms the bedrock of modern encryption methods, safeguarding sensitive data in fields ranging from finance to intelligence. The resilience of encryption schemes, such as RSA, hinges on the computational infeasibility of factoring large numbers—an obstacle that FACT0RN aims to reinforce through its innovative approach to consensus.

The FACT0RN Challenge

While factoring small integers may be trivial, the difficulty escalates exponentially with size—a reality underscored by the enduring efforts of research communities dedicated to integer factorization. FACT0RN extends an open invitation to these communities, offering a platform for collaborative exploration and incentivizing miners to tackle increasingly formidable factorization challenges. By resurrecting the spirit of historic factoring initiatives, FACT0RN envisions a renaissance in mathematical research fueled by blockchain technology.

Tokenomics and Incentive Structure

In the FACT0RN ecosystem, miners are rewarded with FACT coins for securing the network through integer factorization. The size of these rewards is commensurate with the difficulty of the factored integers, fostering a dynamic incentive structure that encourages the pursuit of larger challenges. Furthermore, FACT0RN introduces the concept of a "deadpool," allowing users to submit integers for factorization in exchange for FACT, thereby fostering community engagement and expanding the frontiers of mathematical exploration.

Looking Ahead: FACT0RN and Beyond

As FACT0RN continues to evolve, its impact extends far beyond the realm of blockchain technology. By aligning the incentives of PoW with the pursuit of mathematical research, FACT0RN transcends the boundaries of traditional consensus mechanisms, paving the way for a symbiotic relationship between blockchain and academia. Led by visionary individuals like Escanor Liones and supported by a dedicated team of volunteers, FACT0RN embodies the spirit of innovation and collaboration that defines the next frontier of decentralized technology.


In the journey towards a more equitable and sustainable blockchain ecosystem, FACT0RN stands as a beacon of progress—a testament to the transformative potential of decentralized innovation. By embracing integer factorization as the cornerstone of its consensus mechanism, FACT0RN not only secures its network but also catalyzes advancements in mathematics and cryptography. As we embark on this pioneering endeavor, let us envision a future where blockchain technology transcends mere transactions to become a catalyst for global collaboration and knowledge dissemination.


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